Types of existing electric vehicles
Battery-powered electric vehicle
Vehicle that uses one or more electric engines to move. These are powered by energy stored in the batteries, which can be charged through an external charging point or regenerative braking. As a rule, batteries used in this type of vehicle have a higher capacity than hybrid electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid vehicles.
A vehicle that combines a combustion engine with an electric propulsion system. The presence of the electrical system aims to achieve fuel savings compared to a vehicle that only comes with an internal combustion engine. The batteries are charged by regenerative braking or by the traditional engine. These vehicles need fossil fuels to work.
Hybrid plug-in electric vehicle
Hybrid electric vehicle in which the battery can be recharged through an external charging point. In addition, it has the functionality of recharging its batteries with the methods used in hybrid electric vehicles. The possibility of charging the battery through an external charging point allows these vehicles to be used without the use of fossil fuels, albeit with a very limited electric range.
How a 100% electric vehicle works?
After being connected to a charging station or outlet, these vehicles store energy in the batteries, which will then be used by the electric engine (or engines). The charging time depends on its storage capacity, the power that the electric vehicle is capable of receiving and the power that is available from the charging point. The autonomy of the car depends on the capacity of the batteries, the power of the engine and the driving style.
There are many benefits provided by the use of an electric car.
Learn more about their benefits.
A 100% electric vehicle is quiet and has no gearbox or clutch, which makes your driving easier and more comfortable. This type of car also has a greater acceleration capacity, since the maximum power of the engine is available from the start.
Lower energy cost per distance travelled, consuming about 15 kWh per 100 km (~ € 2.5 at an outlet) - less than 50% of the equivalent diesel and petrol cost. This consumption, as well as the autonomy, varies depending on the vehicle used, driving style, and temperature, among others.
The carbon footprint of electric cars is one of its main characteristics, since they have zero CO2 emissions in use.
You can charge the car where it is most convenient for you. Whether you are at the office while you are at work, in the supermarket car park, at a charging point on the public highway, or even in the comfort of your home
There are currently government incentives for the purchase of electric vehicles:
- A €2,250 incentive for purchase of the first thousand electric vehicles (2019 State Budget);
- In the case of plug-in hybrid vehicles with an electric range of 25 km or more, there is a 75% reduction in the vehicle tax amount payable;
- In the case of 100% electric cars, the buyer is exempt from vehicle tax and the single road tax;
- Parking fee discount in many cities;
- Companies also benefit from exemption from autonomous taxation and a deduction in VAT.
Home: charge your car in the comfort of your home.
Work: take advantage of the time you spend working to charge your vehicle.
Public highway: you can also charge your vehicle at the charging points on the public highway.
Others: there are many establishments such as restaurants, hotels and shopping centres that offer the possibility of charging your electric vehicle.
Home/Work/Others (Residential condominiums, car parks, private spaces)
For charging to a conventional outlet, a cable supplied by the electric vehicle manufacturer is normally used. Normally, the power for this type of charging is 2.3kW. This means that it takes about six hours to load 100 kilometres of autonomy.
In the case of wallboxes - a household charging point -, the cable can be supplied by the electric vehicle manufacturer or be integrated into the wallbox. The power for this type of charging can vary between 3.7kW and 22kW. In these household charging points it takes between 45 minutes and four hours to make a charge equivalent to 100 kilometres of autonomy.
There are two types of charging points: normal and fast.
Usually, normal charging points provide Mennekes sockets and power for charging between 3.7kW and 22kW. In these, alternating current is used and this takes between 45 minutes and four hours to carry out a charge equivalent to 100 kilometres of autonomy.
In the case of quick charging points, characterized by charging capacities higher than 22 kW, the charging can be carried out using alternating or direct current. In this case, CHAdeMO or CCS type sockets are used which always have an integrated charging cable. Depending on the type of battery and electric vehicle, a charge equivalent to 100 kilometres of autonomy takes about 20 minutes to complete.